Most people underestimate their language. Due to the presence of taste buds on the surface of the tongue, we can sense different tastes.
At the same time, the language has another important function, which may not be this function, in the strict sense of the word, but can be very useful.
It is about the fact that the language is considered an indicator of the health of the whole organism. Changes in its shape, surface and color indicate the improper functioning of any of the systems or individual organs. One of the symptoms of the fact that something is wrong in the body is a brown coating on the tongue, the reasons for this occurrence in adults are discussed in this article.
Causes of brown bloom in the tongue
The factors leading to the appearance of brown bloom on the tongue are very diverse. This is the use of products that can paint the rough surface of the tongue, and resins released during smoking, and some hidden diseases.Here are the common reasons why a brown patina may appear:
- poor oral hygiene;
- excessive drinking of coffee or tea;
- insufficient saliva production;
- hypocorticoidism or Addison's disease;
- lack of niacin - vitamin B3 (or PP);
- neglected mycosis or candidiasis of the mucous in the oral cavity;
- taking drugs that contain chemical bismuth (for example, Pepto-Bismol for diarrhea);
- antibiotics (they can disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in the mouth;
- regular use of mouthwash that contains peroxide, witch hazel or menthol.
In order to correctly determine the reason why a brown patina appears on the tongue in adults, it is necessary to pay attention to its features, in particular, its location and thickness, saturation and the period of the day when the plaque appears. If it appears brighter in the morning and after tooth brushing and the tongue does not pass, then it is most likely caused by chronic diseases of the body.
The brown color is characterized by the following criteria:
- Chronic alcohol dependence, diseases of the digestive system, diseases of the lungs and bronchi, poisoning with chemicals and drugs can be accompanied by a touch of yellow-brown hue. If the color is light brown, this indicates a disease of the joints, upper respiratory tract, lymph outflow disorders.
- Dark brown color indicates diseases of the liver, gallbladder, severe lesions of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, dehydration or viral infections.
- Localization of plaque. Plaque can be both diffuse and local. Diffuse plaque completely covers the tongue, and local - in small areas extends to individual parts of the tongue.
- The thickness of the plaque. If it is thin, then most likely, your diseases are only developing and are in the initial stage. Also, a thin layer of plaque is characterized by inflammatory diseases of a viral nature. A thick layer of brown plaque is evidence of chronic diseases and infectious processes in the body.
- Consistency. Yellow and brown on the tongue may be greasy, too dry, slightly wet. In most cases, the consistency indicates the nature of the course of the disease.
- Easy removal from the tongue. If it is difficult to remove plaque, it means that internal diseases have worsened and, most likely, have passed into the chronic stage. If the plaque is easily removed, then surely you have nothing to worry about.
If the brown patina persists for 4 days, it is necessary to immediately contact a specialist, because serious intoxication is possible. In some cases, the taxation of the tongue appears due to stomatitis. At the same time, the film first has a white tint, but after a few weeks it darkens and turns brown.
Problems with the digestive tract
The lined tongue, that is, the brown plaque that is detected in the morning, is a layer of dead epithelium cells, the smallest food debris, bacteria and microbes accumulated on its surface. Such plaque can be of different thickness, density and degree of mechanical stability, but in any case, its constant presence is considered a clear sign of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Specialists in the field of gastroenterology identify the following causes of brown plaque in the language:
- peptic ulcer of the stomach during alcoholism;
- enterocolitis (inflammation of the small and large intestine);
- granulomatous enteritis (Crohn's disease);
- dysbacteriosis (violation of obligate intestinal microflora), including after the use of antibiotics;
- corrosive gastritis (inflammation of the gastric mucosa due to alkaline or acidic solutions of high concentration or radioactive substances getting into its cavity);
- fibrinous gastritis (observed in measles, scarlet fever, sepsis, typhoid fever).
Hazel and dark brown on the tongue may appear due to chronic inflammation of the duodenum (duodenitis) - with reflux (throwing) of bile into the stomach and esophagus; with a lack of motility (dyskinesia) of the biliary tract; with cholecystitis and hepatitis, as well as in the case of dehydration (dehydration) with prolonged vomiting or profuse diarrhea.
On the presented photos you can see how the bloom looks in the language of various shades of brown.
In order to find out exactly why a brown patina appeared on the tongue, you need to contact a therapist. Recommendations for the survey:
- make an ultrasound of the abdominal organs;
- take a x-ray or snapshot of the lungs;
- To pass clinical analyzes and analysis for dysbacteriosis.
Diagnosis solely on a brown patina on the tongue is impossible, since too large list of possible diseases.
How to treat brown plaque on the tongue
In order to remove plaque on the tongue and prevent its further occurrence, a person should consult a therapist or a gastroenterologist.
First of all, you need to know exactly the cause of such manifestations, for this purpose, the patient is prescribed a detailed study of blood tests, endoscopic examination of the alimentary canal, analysis of feces. Based on the results obtained, the patient is prescribed adequate treatment.
The appearance of a brown or yellow plaque on the tongue is a cause for concern, since such a plaque may indicate an asymptomatic course of diseases of the abdominal cavity, respiratory and digestive systems, etc. If it is found, try to remove it yourself with a toothpaste and brush. If after some time it appears again or does not disappear at all, you cannot do without medical assistance.
There are general preventive measures to prevent the appearance of brown scurf and get rid of it, if it is not a consequence of the pathology of any organ or organ systems.
These include the following:
- eat healthy foods;
- maintain immunity;
- include fiber in your diet;
- do not drink coffee and black tea, replacing them with herbal teas;
- conduct daily oral hygiene;
- stop smoking tobacco;
- take B vitamins;
- maintain intestinal microflora;
- limit fried, salty, spicy dishes and alcohol;
- consume natural dairy products.
All these measures will prevent the appearance of brown bloom on the tongue.