Trichomoniasis, like other sexually transmitted diseases, is transmitted through unprotected sex. The source of infection is Trichomonas vaginalis.
The disease occupies a leading position in its industry. Symptoms of hricomoniasis are manifested in lesions of the urethra, the prostate gland in men, and the vagina in women.
According to the WHO data, 10% of the world's population is the source of the causative agent of trichomoniasis, vaginal trichomonas. Each year, about 170 million people are recorded who are infected with this disease. In the acute stage, there is a heavy discharge from the vagina, itching and burning in women and painful urination in men. Clinical manifestations of trichomoniasis manifest signs of other diseases - colpitis, urethritis, cystitis, and proctitis.
In total, it is customary to distinguish 3 types of trichomonads: oral, intestinal and vaginal. Only vaginal trichomonas is the cause of the disease, unlike the first two, which are considered harmless.
First of all, the disease is dangerous because of its potential consequences. In the absence of a competent treatment regimen for trichomoniasis, it enters a chronic stage, which in turn leads to prostatitis, the development of infertility, disruption in the process of gestation and subsequent delivery. Therefore, one should not think long about how to treat trichomoniasis at home, and get together and go to the venereologist.
Most cases of infection are recorded in young women of the age group from 17 to 36 years.
Causes of Trichomoniasis
The causative agents of trichomoniasis - unicellular anaerobic organisms - parasites, are widely distributed in nature. Trichomonas dies very quickly when heated and exposed to sunlight.
In the majority of cases, trichomoniasis infection occurs during sexual intercourse in the vagina. The household route of infection (that is, infection by using common clothes, towels, and hygiene items) is very rare. This is due to the fact that with the slightest heating, drying, or exposure to direct sunlight, the pathogen does not survive. In 5% of cases, the child may be infected during childbirth while passing through the birth canal from an infected mother.
Once in the urethra or in the human genitals, Trichomonas with flagella quickly attached to the cells covering them. That is why they can calmly enter the upper urinary tract and, through the cervical canal, into the uterine cavity and appendages, causing characteristic symptoms.
Trichomonas are extremely adapted to the existence in the human body: they can change shape, mask themselves as platelets and lymphocytes - which makes it difficult to diagnose the disease. They are able to parasitize not only in the urogenital system, but also in the bloodstream of man.
Trichomoniasis, causing chronic inflammation leads to colpitis, vulvovaginitis, cervicitis, urethritis. Although modern medicine has effective treatment regimens for most STIs, it is extremely difficult to cure trichomoniasis quickly, even in our time.Trichomonas vaginal
Symptoms of trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis begins to manifest itself with characteristic symptoms 1-4 weeks after the pathogen enters the body of a woman or a man. This is due to the very long incubation period for trichomoniasis, which in some cases can reach 60 days.
Depending on the manifestation of symptoms and duration, trichomoniasis can occur in acute, trim, chronic forms and as trichomonasal carrier.
Discharge from the vagina and urethra is the most popular symptom of trichomoniasis, manifested in 50-70% of people. Among women, this figure is even higher, among men - more moderate. Suspecting trichomoniasis in women is much easier than for men. Because in most cases in men, the disease proceeds without visible symptoms.
Acute trichomoniasis in women can manifest itself in the form of cervicitis, vulvovaginitis, bartholinitis or urethritis. The first signs that should alert the girl:
- discharge of frothy liquid from the vagina, the color varies from white to yellowish-green, sometimes by smell can resemble spoiled fish.
- redness and irritation of the vaginal mucosa.
- pain when urinating.
- discomfort during intimacy.
The symptoms of trichomoniasis in women are exacerbated before the onset of menstruation or after hypothermia. Trichomonas is dangerous and the fact that significantly increases the risk of infection with other STDs.
In men, trichomoniasis occurs with little pronounced symptoms, or asymptomatic. Key features:
- pain, itching, or burning while curing for a little;
- discharge from the urethra (transparent or grayish-white);
- symptoms of prostatitis may occur if the prostate gland is affected.
Discomfort during urination increases after drinking alcohol, spicy dishes. Trichomoniasis in men can give complications: the glans reddens, the foreskin swells, then wounds, abrasions, and sometimes ulcers form on the penis.
Inflammations of the pelvic organs resulting from trichomoniasis often cause female and male infertility. In addition to the localization of the pathogen, the symptoms of trichomoniasis are naturally affected by the general condition of the human body. Particularly bright infection occurs with a weakened immune system, as well as in the presence of other inflammatory processes.
In connection with the above, you should not reinvent the treatment regimens of trichomoniasis, consult an expert. He will promptly tell you how to treat trichomoniasis correctly and without the risk of complications.
Diagnosis of trichomoniasis is the detection of the pathogen using various methods. Similar to trichomoniasis symptoms occur with other ailments, so it is very important to make a diagnosis correctly.
- First of all, it is internal examination, and patient interview;
- Taking a smear from the genitals;
- PCR diagnostics;
- Microscopy of native and stained smears;
- Immunological method.
If you suspect a latent form of the disease, culture culture, ELISA, and PCR diagnostics are recommended.
Treatment of trichomoniasis
If you have found yourself the first signs of the disease, you should contact your venereologist, gynecologist or urologist. Treatment of trichomoniasis should be carried out in any form of the disease, regardless of the presence or absence of clinical symptoms.
When treating trichomoniasis, the following scheme should be observed:
- Both sexual partners are being treated at the same time;
- Sex is excluded;
- Therapy must be combined with the treatment of other STIs that often accompany the disease;
- Apply anti-trichomonas drugs against the background of general and local hygiene procedures.
- In the presence of a mixed infection (chlamydia, ureaplasma, gonococcus, cytomegalovirus, candida), an antibiotic is prescribed in conjunction with an antiparasitic drug.
Treatment of trichomoniasis with drugs is considered to be the most effective, and can cure the disease in a short time. The active substance is metronidazole. These are mainly drugs such as:
The course of treatment is up to 2 weeks, and it must be completed to the end, otherwise the disease will go underground and in a few years it may again appear. After completing the course, it is imperative to undergo a follow-up examination to determine whether you have cured trichomoniasis or not.