Stomatitis is the most common inflammation of the oral mucosa. As a result, extremely painful ulcers of a small size form in the mouth. Children are susceptible to stomatitis much more than adults.
Symptoms of stomatitis are not much different in children and in adults, but the causes of the appearance of this disease may be different. About 20% of the population of the Earth suffer from a disease, almost every second pregnant woman.
Timely treatment helps to prevent the chronization of the pathological process with timely detection of the pathology. Factors provoking stomatitis can be local or common - trauma, allergies, viruses, fungal or bacterial infections, irritation of the oral cavity.
The most common forms of stomatitis are: aphthous, viral (herpes), candidal (oral thrush). Among those who have ever suffered from any form of stomatitis, there is a large percentage of people who then have relapses of this disease.
Treatment of stomatitis depends on the cause of the disease and includes: local and general therapy - antibiotics, antifungal drugs, hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.
Causes of Stomatitis
Stomatitis can act as an independent disease and as a symptom of systemic pathologies. Today, medicine does not have accurate data on the causes of stomatitis on the lip and in the oral cavity of a person.
This may be the penetration of microorganisms - pathogens that are activated in the oral cavity, and various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and diseases of the cardiovascular system of the body. In the largest percentage of cases, the disease is a consequence of a bacterial, viral, or herpes infection.
Revealed at least several factors causing this disease. Any of them, or several, can lead to the formation of sores:
- toothpastes and mouth cleaners containing sodium lauryl sulfate;
- mechanical injury;
- emotional or mental stress;
- nutritional deficiencies;
- allergies and hypersensitivity;
- prolonged use of antibacterial, antiarrhythmic, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory drugs and other drugs;
- hormonal changes;
- poor oral hygiene;
- poorly made or poorly installed dentures;
The occurrence of stomatitis and other types of aphthous ulcers is also directly related to certain diseases. It is believed that the disease occurs in cases where, for reasons not yet understood, the human immune system reacts to the appearance of molecules that it cannot recognize.
In addition, they can occur with violations in the technique of dental procedures. In most cases, stomatitis can be treated at home.
Types of stomatitis
Depending on the causes of the disease, it is common to divide stomatitis into different groups:
- Catarral - the most common lesion of the oral mucosa.
- Fungal, also called thrush, is most often caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida.
- Herpetic is caused by the herpes virus. As a rule, it occurs in children from one to three years old and in young people.
- Bacterial - occurs when the infection on the injured mucosa.
- Aphthous stomatitis - bears its name from the word "afta". The cause may be gastrointestinal diseases, allergic reactions, viral infections, rheumatism, and heredity.
- Ulcerative. This disease is accompanied by high pain, aggravated by eating and talking.
- Enteroviral vesicular. This species has a high degree of contagiousness among young children.
Whatever the reason, the first stage of stomatitis treatment should be to visit a doctor and carry out a professional cleaning of the oral cavity. This will quickly cure stomatitis and avoid further relapses.
The most typical signs of stomatitis are hyperemia of the oral mucosa, swelling, burning sensation, itching, often ulceration and bleeding.
It should be remembered that stomatitis and its symptoms largely depend on the cause of the disease. As a rule, in adults with this ailment, the following main symptoms are observed:
- the formation on the oral mucosa of painful ulcers of a round or oval shape surrounded by a red halo with a diameter of 1 mm to 10 mm.
- pain and discomfort while eating or talking.
- increased sensitivity of the tongue.
- the presence of small watery bubbles, which burst, leaving behind erosion.
- increased saliva secretion.
- redness of the oral mucosa.
- bad breath.
- possible increase in body temperature.
Pain and discomfort are the first and most unpleasant symptoms of stomatitis, they appear even before the redness that is visible to the eye during the catarrhal process or ulcers and aft during ulcerative and aphthous stomatitis.
Please note that depending on the form, causes and type of illness, it can be contagious, that is, infectious. If inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and genital organs, as well as the eyes, is added to the symptoms of stomatitis, this may indicate the presence of Behcet syndrome.
How does stomatitis look like - photo
A small selection of photos: what looks like stomatitis in the mouth, on the tongue or lip.On the gum On the lip In language
Signs in children
Often the disease appears in children of different ages. Characteristic signs of children's stomatitis are:
- anxiety, irritability, tearfulness;
- redness of the mucous membrane of the surface layer of the mouth;
- swelling and swelling of the gums and the inside of the lips and cheeks;
- whitish formations on the tongue, on the lips in the form of "curd" raid;
- loss of appetite, the child refuses to breast;
- education on the mucous membrane and in the corners of the mouth of small sized ulcers.
Everything together will give you a good reason to determine if your child has stomatitis. In order to know exactly how to treat stomatitis, it is necessary to sign up for a consultation with a doctor, he will prescribe the necessary drugs and prescribe a suitable treatment at home.
To identify stomatitis, the doctor usually first examines the patient's medical record and then proceeds with a visual examination of the oral cavity. There are no special medical tests (for example, biopsy or culture studies) to detect stomatitis. The main sign of stomatitis is the appearance of ulcers, their location and the fact that stomatitis is a recurring disease.
In addition, during stomatitis, the tissue immediately surrounding the ulcer has a normal, healthy appearance, and the patient himself does not experience any vivid systemic symptoms (for example, there is no fever or feeling unwell). However, with advanced forms of stomatitis, especially in children, there are multiple ulcers, fever, deterioration of health.
Most often the disease passes on its own within 1.5-2 weeks.
There are several methods for treating stomatitis in adults: topical treatment with mouthwash and general treatment, which, if necessary, includes antibiotics, hormones and other medications.
Although the means for the complete cure of stomatitis does not yet exist, there are various methods and preparations that can be used to reduce the pain and the duration of its course.
At home, you can daily rinse the mouth with antiseptic solutions - you can use water infusions of chamomile, calendula in the form of heat, 0.05% aqueous solution of chlorhexidine or miramistin or methylene blue, pale pink potassium permanganate solution.
The ulcers are smeared with Benzocaine, Lidocaine, Trimecain, as well as with aloe or Kalanchoe juice; these substances not only reduce pain during stomatitis, but also cover the eroded areas with a protective film. Before you apply any drug, be sure to consult with your doctor, carefully read the annotation attached to it.
In the process of treatment of stomatitis should follow a diet - is not recommended the use of spicy, salty or acidic foods. Food should be neutral in acidity and not cause additional irritation of the mucous. In order to determine exactly how to treat stomatitis in the mouth, it is necessary to determine its form, and after that look for a suitable treatment. To do this, go to the doctor.
How to treat stomatitis folk remedies
To cure stomatitis at home, you can use proven folk remedies. They will get rid of unpleasant symptoms and help bring healing closer.
Please note that treatment with medicinal herbs is possible in adults if there are no other serious symptoms (significant increase in body temperature, blistering of the skin, deterioration of the general condition, etc.).
- Rinse your mouth daily with saline-soda solution. To prepare it, add a teaspoon of salt and a pinch of soda to a glass of water.
- Rinse with hydrogen peroxide. 1 tsp of peroxide is enough for 0.5 cups of warm water. You need to be careful not to swallow the solution.
- Kalanchoe and Aloe help relieve inflammatory changes in the oral cavity. To prepare a remedy, you can rinse your mouth with Kalanchoe and aloe juice.
- Calendula also helps relieve inflammation of the oral mucosa during stomatitis. To prepare the infusion of calendula, it is recommended to pour 1 tablespoon of dried flowers with a glass of water and cook on low heat for 10 minutes. Then cool and strain. The resulting infusion rinse the mouth 5-6 times a day.
- The main ingredient is egg white - a very popular folk remedy for the treatment of infectious stomatitis. You need to wash the chicken egg and release the protein in half a glass of warm water, beat. Do a mouthwash with this solution every 2 hours.
- Freshly squeezed potato juice can be applied to the sore spot. To prepare the medicine, the potato is cut into small slices and passed through a meat grinder. The resulting juice is used for treatment.
- Garlic. 1 tbsp. l pounded garlic mix with 1 tsp. kefir or yogurt. Spread this mass over the surface of the sores. It will burn, but you have to suffer. Do 3 times a day.
Treatment of stomatitis in children folk remedies is a separate category. Many drugs and drugs that can be used by adults are not suitable for the children's body, so only a doctor can treat the child. Do not experiment.
In order not to get sick with stomatitis, and in the case of its chronic course to avoid frequent exacerbations (relapses), follow the simple rules of prevention:
- Do not eat foods that cause allergies.
- in the presence of braces, dentures, properly care for them;
- avoid stress;
- avoid traumatizing the oral mucosa;
- brush teeth 2 times a day, including with the use of dental floss;
- choose non-irritating oral care products;
- eat multivitamins in spring and autumn;
- visit the dentist once every 6 months to prevent the appearance of caries and loss of fillings.
Improper self-treatment can lead to serious complications, such as generalization of infection, damage to the teeth.