Microcephaly is a congenital malformation, characterized by a significant decrease in the brain, and then the skull, due to a violation of the process of growth of brain tissue during fetal intrauterine development. The disease can be an independent anomaly, or be the result of various genetic disorders (true microcephaly).
Neuritis of the facial nerve - a neurological disease in which there is a defeat of 7 pairs of cranial nerves. Another name is Bell's palsy. Neuritis of the facial nerve is most common in comparison with the paralysis of the other 11 cranial nerves. The incidence of pathology is 25 cases per 100,000 population per year.
Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease characterized by a progressive course. With this pathology there are multiple lesions in the central nervous system, and single lesions in the ANS. In neurological practice, this disease can still be called "multiple sclerosis", "plaque sclerosis", "spotted sclerosis", etc.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (abbreviated to CFS) is a pathological psycho-emotional and physiological condition that develops on the background of exhaustion. With this disease, a person feels physically or mentally overworked even after a good rest. Such a feeling of constant fatigue is much more dangerous than patients think, so it cannot be ignored.
Pituitary adenoma is the most common tumor disease, accompanied by the formation of a benign neoplasm in this part of the brain. Pathology is detected in 20% of cases. In this case, the disease is almost asymptomatic, therefore, it is diagnosed already in the later stages, and, as a rule, by chance.
Migraine - a disease accompanied by bouts of intense headaches. This state flows quite brightly, specifically. This is not a new disease - there are mentions in the attacks of the strongest headache in the most ancient treatises, manuscripts, historical records. The very same word "migraine" is of French origin, from where it came from the ancient Greek language.
Neurasthenia is a mental disorder that is a form of neurosis. Expressed in mental disorders caused by prolonged mental or physical overstrain. The most common pathology occurs in people 20-45 years old, and women are more susceptible to this deviation than men.
Parkinson's disease is a pathological process that affects the nervous system and is accompanied by impaired motor coordination. It is more often observed at patients of old age. Symptomatic manifestations of the disease are associated with pathological damage, and subsequently - neuron death. In Parkinson’s disease, muscle rigidity is encountered, difficulties in taking a certain position of the body, trembling of the arms and legs.
Prolonged lack of sleep, even if the "eyes stick together" is a problem that each of us encountered. Therefore, the question is quite logical: "How to fall asleep quickly?". Insomnia should not always be a reason for going to a doctor - sometimes it is simply necessary to “program” your brain for fast falling asleep.
Alzheimer's disease is an incurable neurodegenerative disease that affects mainly people of old age. It develops due to the destruction of nerve cells that transmit impulses between brain structures. As a result, there is a rapid and irreversible deterioration of memory. A person suffering from this disease, subsequently loses the ability to self-service.
Disruption of blood microcirculation in the brain is a serious deviation, which can be caused by vascular diseases, adverse environmental conditions and a number of other factors. Under their influence, there is a gradual narrowing of the lumen of blood vessels, cholesterol plaques form on their walls, they lose their elasticity and, as a result, become fragile.
Dementia is an acquired form of dementia, in which patients experience a loss of previously acquired practical skills and acquired knowledge, while simultaneously having a steady decline in their cognitive activity. Dementia, the symptoms of which, in other words, manifest themselves in the form of the breakdown of mental functions, is most often diagnosed in old age, but it does not exclude the possibility of its development at a young age.
There are plenty of reasons for the emergence of a state of anxiety: these are imperfect relationships with children, and working problems, dissatisfaction in the personal sphere. The body instantly reacts to a negative flow of thoughts: the heart rhythm is disturbed (as a rule, the heartbeat quickens, a tingling sensation may appear, the heart contracts,); breathing is intermittent (or, on the contrary, there are so long pauses between breaths that there is discomfort, the person seems to forget to breathe); it covers either fussiness or apathy - from some thoughts about the scale of the problem I don’t want to do anything; the brain refuses to work productively, even performing routine tasks requires great effort.
Concussion of the brain is one of the mildest forms of traumatic brain injury, as a result of which the brain vessels are damaged. All disorders of brain activity are dangerous and require increased attention and treatment. Concussion occurs only with aggressive mechanical effects on the head - for example, this can happen when a person falls and hitting his head on the floor.
The term IRR is used in its practice only by doctors of the CIS countries, in the west this disease is absent. In this regard, there is a certain confusion. Some experts do not recognize the existence of vegetative-vascular dystonia in adults, others, by contrast, consider it a conditional nosological form. The complex of symptoms and causes of dystonia are extensive, so the examination should be comprehensive and qualified.
The headache of tension is a condition in which a person feels squeezing, tension or dull unpleasant sensations in the head area. Soreness can bother a person with different lengths - from several minutes to days, with periods of reduction and exacerbation of discomfort. The prevalence of HDN in modern society is striking in its scope: according to some data, its incidence reaches 65% among males and 86% among females.
What it is: epilepsy is a mental nerve disease that is characterized by recurring seizures and is accompanied by various paraclinical and clinical symptoms. At the same time, in the period between the attacks, the patient may be completely normal, no different from other people.